Research paper on juvenile justice act,

The parallel strands of the law relating to police investigation, diversion from prosecution, the pre-trial; process, bail, remands and the use of secure accommodation, the youth court, the youth offending teams, trials, sentences and post- sentence supervision all come under the youth justice umbrella. As far as punishment part is concerned there are various forms of penalties that are given to the juveniles. Depending upon the severity of crime and the state of mind of the juvenile while committing the act, it is possible for people under 18 to be tried as an adult. When a child is charged with either murder or manslaughter, the preliminary hearing of the charge must take place before a Youth Court.

Govt, of India, The law considered them incapable of forming the necessary criminal intent. Since America has been ruled by England for number of years, the laws in America are highly influenced by the Common law of England.

But this incarceration is different from those used in adult criminal justice system. Crime in India Juveniles continue to constitute 1. Chand, The factors which go to make up these difficult situations, together with the mental and physical conditions which influence an individual's capacity to adjust, constitute the causes of delinquency.

Home Ministry. Oxford University Press, Let us put the Juvenile Justice Care and Protection of Essay on donating organs Act to test, and make most of this provision to streamline its efficiency, keeping children centre-stage. It also details procedures for adoption, and introduces a provision for inter-country adoption, so that prospective parents living outside the country can adopt a child in India.

The goal of the research is to get the best way to deal with juveniles by comparative study among the major countries.

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What is the foundation mason essay in english youth across the country. Children between the ages of 7 and 14 were generally thought to be incapable of committing a criminal act, but this belief could be disproved by showing that the youth knew the act was a crime or would cause harm to another and committed it anyway. The mystical theory of moral responsibility. It has been shown that a different set of causes is involved in each individual case.

Praeger, Juveniles who have the potential to try serious offences are detained in secured and tenable environment and are made to take part in rehabilitative programme. Google Scholar Sanders, W. The Act has also incorporated various concepts of Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Cooperation research paper on juvenile justice act Respect of Inter-Country Adoption, which were absent from the previous act.

The current Juvenile Justice act, also has the provisions to deal with both categories of children. Thus, formal proceedings ending in convictions should be avoided as often as possible because a formal conviction rather causes damage than help and can be disproportionate, given that the aim of sentencing in youth justice is individual prevention including rehabilitation.

The act outlines the eligibility criteria for prospective parents. There is unanimity in almost all US States on the point of trying juveniles at par with adults on juvenile attaining the age of fourteen years in certain circumstances barring states like Vermont, Indiana, South Dakota where a child of even ten how to make research paper citations can be tried as adult.

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In India, The Juvenile Justice Care and Protection of Children Act, is far from being a perfect legislation to protect and promote the rights of children. There were policies put into place by the government that try to help and mediate juveniles and help curb their urge to commit crimes, one being the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act The concepts of tolerance and contraculture as applied to delinquency.

Criminal Law Review. According to Urban, Cyr, and DeckerThe Violent Crime Control Act of allows juveniles who are 13 years old and up to be sentenced as college essay on achieving goals adult if they have committed a violent crime with a fire arm on federal property There is no special decision-making forum like JJBs.

Juvenile delinquency and the juvenile justice system: U.S. and India | SpringerLink

To deal with these juvenile offenders many legislations are made across the world. Pennsylvania, U.

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Crime and Juvenile Delinquency. As a result of a get-tough attitude involving juvenile crime, many countries have revised their juvenile codes research paper on juvenile justice act make it easier to transfer youthful offenders to adult court. Juveniles may be required to wear a wrist or ankle bracelet that verifies their location at all times.

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The main purpose of this essay is to find the different outlets the juvenile justice system is using to rehabilitate juveniles, how well those strategies are working, and personal suggestions for improvement that might result in a more effective juvenile justice system.

Download preview PDF. Through an analysis of comparative data on patterns of delinquency differentials on the variables of sex, age, social class, and type of offense, the paper identifies the similarities between the two countries. INDIA Consequently, prosecutions of children under the age of 14 are very rare. Teenager found guilty.

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These facilities are designed for longer term stays. Crime, Prison, Punishment, Criminal justice] Research Papers Juvenile Offenders And The Juvenile Justice System Essay examples - Not only has there been debates about what approach should be used when punishing juvenile offenders, but there has also been debates about the need for two separate justice systems.

It states that any year old who commits a heinous offence may be tried as an adult. Before the establishment of juvenile courts, children under the age of seven were never held responsible for criminal acts.

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Google Scholar In re Gault, U. Children in Custody.

History of the Juvenile Justice System Essay

Children today are what the world is depending on to fix worldwide problems in the future. Depending upon the severity of crime and the state of mind writing an essay without i the juvenile while committing the act, it is possible for people under 18 to be tried as an adult. Sociological Quarterly,2, Thus, in Germany, the normal site for decision-making is the courtroom where public prosecutors and judges determine the appropriate response to offending behavior.

In heinous crimes even life imprisonment can be granted to child aged twelve years which is considered to be the maximum punishment.

Research Paper on Comparitive Study Of Juvenile Delinquency | Nirbhay Gupta -

When a child is charged with either murder or manslaughter, the research paper on juvenile justice act hearing of the charge must take place before a Youth Court. According to the data, in the yeara total of 33, cases under IPC were registered against children below 18 years of age, as against a total number of 28, 51, cases registered in the country during that year. Misconception about juvenile delinquency.

Schmalleger, Where a child fit into the system would depend on the crime, family pedigree, financial standing, color and social status.

Juvenile delinquency and the juvenile justice system: U.S. and India

More and more children are moving towards the pathway of crime to lead their life. Crime, Criminology, Juvenile delinquency] Research Papers The Juvenile Justice System For Juvenile Offenders Essay - When juveniles commit crimes, it is critical that society finds a successful way to divert their criminal actions into good behavior.

The minor may be required to pay a fine to the government or pay compensation to the victim. The Times of India. Google Scholar —. Nirbhay Gupta Year Studying: This research looks at all the aspects of Juvenile Delinquency in the Major Countries and steps taken by these countries to curb the offences committed by juveniles and further to compare their laws made to deal with juveniles with respect to India.

Some individuals believe that juveniles need to be punished for their delinquency by being sentenced to jail just as an adult offender would be. The legal base of the juvenile justice system is the JJA of 4 August as amended on 11 December and partially reformed in The juvenile justice system is presently in limbo.

The new system under the CYPFA emphasizes diversion from courts and custody, cover letter for electrical foreman, while holding young person accountable, facilitates the construction of responses that aim to provide for the rehabilitation and reintegration of young people, support for their families, and that take into account the needs of victims.

Under section 21 curriculum vitae de un contador en word of the Crimes Act, the age of criminal responsibility is 10 years, which means that no person under samples of cover letter and resume age of 10 years may be convicted creative writing assessment task ks2 an offence. The Juvenile Justice System is an act by the States to correct juvenile delinquency.

There are some informal actions available which can be applied before the case against the young person is preferred in court.

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Google Scholar Government of India. All this is done to control young juveniles.

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Unlike in the U. Additionally rigorous punishments relating to drugs and gang related offences, stringent treatment such as boot camps and blended sentence have also been introduced to put them right. The judge can order the minor to remain at home, with exceptions attend school, work, counseling, and so on.

Juvenile Delinquency in an Indian Setting. It recommends two main bodies to deal with these children, to be set up in each district: The paper notes one exception regarding patterns of delinquency that indicate a relatively negligible involvement of the Indian juveniles in the crime of rape due to the cultural and socialization differences.

The Juvenile Justice Act, provided for the framework to deal with children who are in conflict with the law as well as children those are in need of care and protection. In 38 states of US, upper age of juveniles is seventeen years while in other three states it is fifteen years.

History of the Juvenile Justice System Essay -- Juvenile Justice System

A Comprehensive Framework, Howell c. Google Scholar Nagpul, H. Sometimes prosecutors make this decision, or some countries that allow transfers require a hearing to consider the age and record of the juvenile, the type of crime, and the likelihood that the youth can be helped by the juvenile court.

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Let us hope that respective State governments fill the lacunae by preparing comprehensive rules in consultation with child rights experts and non-governmental organizations. Delinquency itself is socially inadequate adjustment on the part of the individual to difficult situations. Recent years have seen an increase in serious crime by juveniles.

Google Scholar Sheth, H. Retrieved10 May The age brackets for criminal responsibility are regulated in the Crimes Act Retrieved 22 December how to make research paper citations In most countries, a juvenile charged with a serious crime, such as robbery or murder, can be transferred to criminal court and tried as an adult.