How do you write references for a research paper,
Citing a part of a work: Verb usage: Thu, 30 Nov
For three or more authors, separate all but the last author's name with commas, and use "and" before the last author's name in the list.
Author, Date, and Title The general format for the author, title, and date in your reference list is as follows: Citing a part of a work: Research by Wegener and Petty supports Periods of glaciation have a large effect on sea level Ingmanson and Wallace, When directly quoting information from sources in your writing, you may need to format it differently depending on how many words are used.
This Discussion section is a chance to analyze and interpret your results. If you are referring to an cover letter teaching from another work but NOT directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference.
If your source of information is from written correspondence a letter or e-mailyou would substitute the word "written" for the word "personal" above, and you would add the date of the letter if dated. Inverse all names before the title.
Don't want to cite by hand?
Reference lists are generally reverse-indented--this just helps the reader to find references to specific authors that much faster. Format of Citations and References 1.
Start the direct quotation on a new line Indent the text roughly half an inch from the left margin If there are multiple paragraphs in the quotation, indent them an extra half inch Remove any quotation marks Add the parenthetical citation after the final sentence Example: McGraw-Hill No contributor information Sometimes you will come across sources with no contributor information.
Below are different publication templates.
How to Write Guide: How to Cite Other Papers in Your Paper
Some may come from electronic sources such as the World Wide Web, Melvyl and Harvest databases available through the UC Davis library, CD references and the like, and some may come from interviews. The rules are described in more detail, with examples, in section 3.
If there are specific page numbers for a citation, add them after the year Walters,pp.
If the source does not include page numbers such as online sourcesyou can reference specific parts of the work by referencing the: Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Thus, clearly, you need to cite sources for all direct quotations. Six or More Authors: To do this, indent and type Keywords: In APA format, there are five levels of headings, each with different sizes and purposes Level 1: WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review.
This section describes how you are to cite references that you have obtained from electronic repositories. Headings serve an important purpose — they organize your paper and make it simple to locate different pieces of information.
This book in turn follows the basic format for the American Psychological Association APA,which is a good format though by no means the only acceptable one in technical publications. Never use the page numbers of Web pages you print out; different computers print Web pages with different pagination.
How to Cite Anything in APA Format - EasyBib
In-text Citation to References When citing a reference from your reference list, please use the following conventions. If you plan to add any charts, tables, drawings, or images to your paper, number them using Arabic numerals.
Web Rules When citing electronic or online sources, keep these things in mind: Book title. If some of the information is included in the body of the sentence, exclude it from the parenthetical citation.
Do not use footnotes in this class for citations. Plagiarism, while preventable, can result in serious consequences. Article title. Main titles that stand alone, such as those for books and journals, are italicized.
Citing References in Scientific Research Papers
Harris et al. Should be a bit smaller than the title, which is Level 1 Place this heading against the left margin Use bold letters Use uppercase and lowercase letters where necessary Level 3: Each additional line of each entry should be indented a reasonable amount. Date Enclose the date in parentheses.
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B Also available as an ebook: According to Rodgersthe Appalachian mountains were formed in three events. Hen's Teeth and Horse's Toes, W. If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.
Term Paper: Format of Citations and References
Follow them in the appropriate numeral order in which they appear in the text of your paper. Maintain double-spacing throughout.
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- If the author's name was just mentioned in the text, it is not necessary to repeat it in the citation.
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Science moves forward only by building upon the work of others. The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from the Council of Biology Editors Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited.
Follow the examples given below and you will be all set.
This format is very similar to that of the Modern Language Association, and these are the most commonly used styles for publishing in the social and natural sciences. Using Headings Properly: Be sure to describe the methods through which data was collected.
Wilkonson, Here is a visual example of the levels of headings: