Critical thinking in dental hygiene education. Exploration of Critical Thinking in Dental Hygiene Education | Journal of Dental Hygiene

These interview questions were also pilot tested and revised prior to usage. Lastly, participants identified a lack of time to adequately teach critical thinking skills in the curriculum. First, most faculty members offer at best only a partial definition of the concept of critical thinking theme 1. Research Question 4: Faculty did note the importance of other research-based teaching strategies, but cited case studies as the most important. Each phone interview was approximately 20 to 40 minutes in length, and was recorded for later transcription.

Research Question 2: They want to do what they believe is the right thing, but their actual knowledge of the definitional and application theories about critical thinking is still in the early stages of development.

While a qualitative study focusing on the dental hygiene programs within a single state cannot be generalized to all dental hygiene programs, this study revealed a very strong desire among these faculty to incorporate critical thinking into their work.

Third, adding jhipster case study the previous research of Asadoorian et al, 5 Hessheimer et al, 41 and Kassebaum et al, 42 which found that faculty development opportunities on the instruction of critical thinking are essential, our participants identified the need for specific allied health-focused faculty development opportunities.

Some participants indicated that case studies were used most often.

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Twelve of the 20 participants identified students having more autonomy as they progress through the last semester of the curriculum, and teaching strategies used to teach critical thinking skills become more complex. For example, participant 18 via the open-ended questionnaire shared her frustration: The researchers choose this approach because it allowed time for participants to reflect upon the questions and craft their response by email.

First, the dental hygiene faculty in our study generally understood the concept of critical thinking, but interpretations varied, and not all could offer a complete definition. A third data set involved a review of artifacts collected from participants which demonstrated their integration of critical thinking, such as class activities, syllabi, scoring rubrics and us bishop wedding speech web pages.

J Dent Educ. They want to do what they believe is the right thing, but their actual knowledge of the definitional and critical thinking in dental hygiene education theories about critical thinking is still in the early stages of development.

A bridge to quality. No similar finding could be found in previous research.

All 20 participants learned how to teach what they believe to be critical thinking skills during faculty development workshops and seminars. Organizations must offer continuous allied health-focused faculty development opportunities, and venues to discuss, implement and examine the scholarship of teaching.

Boud et al 46 and Mezirow 47 would have indicated that these faculty are engaging in the reflective process from their own student experiences in the clinical setting, connecting it to prior theoretical knowledge in order to improve future clinical practice, and ultimately, learning from one's own experience.

Clinical dental hygiene practice demands critical thinking and as such faculty are jhipster case study to include critical thinking activities daily in their teaching practices.

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Specifically, this study pursued the following research questions: The shift to teaching critical thinking critical thinking in dental hygiene education requires a commitment from organizations to help faculty understand what critical thinking is, and identify what educational strategies can be used to effectively teach critical thinking and assess changes in students' critical thinking skills.

This has led to the rethinking of practices in post-secondary preparation programs for dental hygiene, along with a number of other professional preparation programs in health and dental care.

First, most faculty members offer at best only a partial definition of the concept of critical thinking theme 1.

Exploration of critical thinking in dental hygiene education.

Discussion The overall goal was to understand dental hygiene faculty perceptions and understanding of critical thinking issues. United States Research paper nigeria of Labor. Analysis of data revealed themes which were subsequently grouped under the core research question areas.

What challenges do they experience as they address new curriculum standards for how long does a narrative essay have to be critical thinking in the classroom or clinic?

Seventh, participants in this study felt responsible for teaching critical thinking skills to students as part of workforce preparation.

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  4. Years of teaching experience ranged from one to 25 years.

As they matriculated in the program, students began to see the advantages of self-assessment in clinical practice. Only 5 of the 20 participants were able to give a complete and specific definition of critical thinking as defined by Paul and Elder.

Three themes emerged to address this research. Their model has been used by various higher education institutions and their ideas promoted through various faculty development centers, including those within the state where this study was conducted. Faculty did note the importance of other research-based teaching strategies, but cited case studies as the most important.

  • The primary focus of this qualitative investigation was to obtain undergraduate dental hygiene students' perceptions of and experiences with self-assessment.

Thirteen of the 20 participants believe most students want to be taught what they need to know to pass the boards and not how to learn to think critically. These items were reviewed to see if they provided concrete evidence to back up or not what participants had indicated they were doing in relation to the topic of critical thinking.

These 2 colleagues were out of state and have embraced the concepts of Paul and Elder through various faculty development workshops. This study was conducted in response to the American Dental Education Association Commission on Change and Innovation's challenge for dental hygiene educators to comprehend their own knowledge on the concept of critical thinking related to research-based pedagogical approaches to teaching and learning.

Exploration of critical thinking in dental hygiene education.

Most participants embraced the teaching of critical thinking skills, indicating that teaching critical thinking skills is a must jane eyre essay on love health care providers.

Exploration of critical thinking in dental hygiene education. Dental hygienists apa reference style essay think critically and develop problem-solving strategies during their formal education to ensure lifelong quality and ongoing development of their personal knowledge and skill as related to providing comprehensive, evidence-based patient care. Methods and Materials A qualitative study approach is often used to examine the social and cultural aspects of a particular program, group or organization, and thus was used in this study to assess the perceptions of dental hygiene faculty regarding various jewelry box essay thinking issues.

Despite challenges, faculty felt responsible for teaching critical thinking skills, and identified the need for time to build critical thinking skills into the curriculum.

These findings are only applicable to the population involved in this study and while the framework for this research was based upon a single theory, it should be noted that there are more theoretical models researchers could explore. Research indicates it takes time to develop increased levels of critical thinking and students must progress through the various levels.

Research Question 1: Fifth, adding to the previous work of Doyle, Tagg and Weimer, who identified a paradigm shift in teaching, the participants in this study identified challenges with teaching today's students. Three had left their institution or no how long does a narrative essay have to be taught those courses.

A second data set was obtained via follow-up phone interviews, with specific interview questions developed for participants to probe beyond their initial email responses. An initial list of commonalities was created, and then refined by sorting each commonality into similar categories and subcategories.

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Footnotes Kimberly S. Two themes appeared: Interpretive analysis was conducted. Institute of Medicine. Thirteen reported such workshops were offered by their own educational institutions, while the other 7 attended training at other institutions. It is important for the profession to ascertain if other faculty across the country are also in a similar position, and if so, energy should be expended via targeted faculty development to help critical thinking in dental hygiene education the profession toward their ultimate goal — having well trained health professionals using critical thinking skills in their daily practices.

Limitations It is important to note that this research study had a specific targeted population and therefore cannot be generalized to populations beyond the faculty within these 11 accredited associate degree dental hygiene programs in one Midwest state. The phone interview responses were transcribed, and the process of interpretative qualitative analysis began.

Critical Thinking Test - Answers to Sample Questions

A new health system for the 21stcentury. Fourteen of the 20 participants expressed no major resistance to the changes needed as they incorporated the teaching of critical thinking skills into their coursework. Many acknowledge that a health professional must be able to think critically during patient clinical treatment. Years of teaching experience ranged from one to 25 years. How do they describe their strategies and processes for teaching critical thinking skills in their discipline?

Inductive data analysis revealed that the majority of students perceived that they had no prior experience with self-assessment in any prerequisite coursework and thus felt unprepared for its use in the dental hygiene program. The integrity of the research persuasive essay puppy mills was enhanced by utilizing several approaches suggested by Creswell.

Exploration of Critical Thinking in Dental Hygiene Education

This was followed by the identification of common themes until an emergence of repeating premises or regularities resulted. Data analysis revealed that faculty generally understood critical thinking, but interpretations varied. It incorporates all of their personal experiences to be applied and utilized as health care providers.

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Fifteen of the 20 participants indicated they soal essay perusahaan dagang using several specific strategies to teach critical thinking skills, including: Conclusion The findings of this study serve as one response to the American Dental Education Critical thinking in dental hygiene education Commission on Change and Innovation's challenge for dental hygiene educators to expand their research-based pedagogical approaches to teaching and learning with a particular emphasis on the concept of critical thinking.

This qualitative study explores the perceptions of dental hygiene faculty regarding cover letter for assistant manager retail surrounding critical thinking skills integration within their associate degree dental hygiene programs. The second theme which addressed this research questions was that most participants initially learned about the concept of critical thinking in a formal manner theme 1.

Fourth, while participants believed all faculty were teaching the concept of critical thinking, they expressed concerns of not knowing specifically what others were doing, or how well things were working.

Multiple sources of data were collected, including email questionnaires, individual follow-up phone interviews and artifacts. It allows and encourages students to share their personal experiences, what has worked and what has not. The researchers first analyzed the verbatim transcripts and responses to narrative questionnaires, identifying themes related to understanding the concept of critical thinking.

To support triangulation of the data, 3 types of data were collected for this study. Thirteen of the 20 participants indicated they agreed as a faculty group to implement the conclusion for death penalty argumentative essay of critical thinking skills into their curriculum.

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The participants identified the need for allied health-focused faculty development opportunities, and noted that calibration of instruction was needed. Participant recommendations were that calibration of instruction was needed so that all faculty can make the necessary changes in an effective way, and allow them to focus on effective teaching strategies.

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Eighteen of the 20 participants indicated they learned about the concept of critical thinking through different forms of educational opportunities, with 12 of these 18 first learning about the concept of critical thinking skills through some sort of faculty development opportunity.

Most do not use varied teaching strategies to promote critical thinking skills, and focus on one particular strategy--that of case studies.

Two participants held doctoral degrees, 12 held masters and 6 had baccalaureate degrees.

Indeed, the Institute of Medicine has concluded that all health care professionals should be educated to deliver patient-centered care as members of an interdisciplinary team, emphasizing evidence based practice utilizing critical thinking skills, quality improvement approaches, and information.

This reveals a serious disconnect between the theories of how critical thinking should be taught i. Workforce competitiveness in a global economy. This finding is similar to work by who found most general education faculty believe they knew what critical thinking is, but could not give a concrete understanding of the concept.

The primary focus of this qualitative investigation was to obtain undergraduate dental hygiene students' perceptions of and experiences with self-assessment.

Exploration of Critical Thinking in Dental Hygiene Education | Journal of Dental Hygiene

Author information: Critical thinking skills are something that must be implemented within our curriculum as often as is possible. Several noted that they had initially learned about the concept as part of their own formal training as a student dental hygienist or dental student in the classroom.

J Dent Hyg. Regular and targeted faculty development opportunities are needed. Two participants held doctoral degrees, 12 held masters and 6 had baccalaureate degrees.

The sample consisted of an intact undergraduate dental hygiene class of seventeen critical thinking in dental hygiene education in their final semester of a two-year, entry-level dental hygiene program at a community college in the southeast United States.

Programmatic orientation to self-assessment may therefore be beneficial due to the varying backgrounds of students entering dental hygiene programs. Therefore, the goal of this research was to examine dental hygiene faculty perceptions and thinking surrounding critical thinking issues within their accredited associate degree dental hygiene programs.

As a faculty we are always working on ways to bring critical thinking skills into the clinical environment modeling the real work world. Teaching Strategies Using Critical Thinking Skills The third research senior thesis grad school examined how faculty described their strategies and processes for teaching critical thinking skills in their discipline.

Other participants shared broad categories of challenges they face when teaching critical thinking skills within dental hygiene programs. Some shared the fact that time, reduction of credit hours per program, and awareness of students' different styles of learning creates the need for congruency among faculty teaching in the program.

Student self-assessment in dental hygiene education: Each phone interview was approximately 20 to 40 minutes in length, and was recorded for later transcription. Decisions to Teach Critical Thinking Skills Research question 2 examined how dental hygiene faculty describe their personal and departmental rationale, and their decisions regarding the integration of critical thinking skills into their curriculum.

Introduction

Two themes emerged to address this question. The first theme was that many faculty described using research-based teaching approaches to help students learn critical thinking skills theme 3. Critical thinking in dental hygiene education population of faculty was purposefully chosen, both because of their particular knowledge of the phenomenon being studied, and because the researchers had a connection with this state's dental hygiene educator's association, making it more likely that faculty would be willing to participate in this study.

All 20 participants believed they have a duty to teach students critical thinking skills, helping them to engage in real world experiences. Overall, on varying levels, all participants mentioned the difficulty of preparing students to critically think as required for such a demanding health care profession.